Dr. Eran Stark
Error correction and reliability timescale in converging cortical networks
Rapidly changing inputs such as visual scenes and auditory landscapes are transmitted over several synaptic interfaces and perceived with little loss of detail, but individual neurons are typically “noisy” and cortico-cortical connections are typically “weak”. To understand how information embodied in spike train is transmitted in a lossless manner, we focus on a single synaptic interface: between pyramidal cells and putative interneurons. Using arbitrary white noise patterns injected intra-cortically as photocurrents to freely-moving mice, we find that directly-activated cells exhibit precision of several milliseconds, but post-synaptic, indirectly-activated cells exhibit higher precision. Considering multiple identical messages, the reliability of directly-activated cells peaks at a timescale of dozens of milliseconds, whereas indirectly-activated cells exhibit an order-of-magnitude faster timescale. Using data-driven modelling, we find that error correction is consistent with non-linear amplification of coincident spikes.
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